not being conducted solely for the benefit of some other population. These need to comply with smart principle where the acronym stands for specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-bound. 1, a research proposal is a detailed description of a proposed study designed to investigate a given problem. Calculation of sample size has been made easy by computer software programmes, but the principles underlying the estimation should be well understood. Monitoring, supervision and quality control: Detailed statement about the all logistical issues to satisfy the requirements of Good Clinical Practices (GCP protocol procedures, responsibilities of each member of the research team, training of study investigators, steps taken to assure quality control (laboratory procedures, equipment calibration. This will allow you to demonstrate a familiarity with the relevant field as well as the ability to communicate clearly and concisely. 11 Significance of the study: Indicate how your research will refine, revise or extend existing knowledge in the area under investigation. This minimizes the possibility of confusion, delays and errors. Before the proposal is submitted to the Ethics Committee for approval, two important documents mentioned below (where appropriate) must be appended to the proposal. This step is accomplished by a thorough and critical review of the literature and by personal communication with experts.
The methodology section should describe how. The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How. Found in research papers is that the proposed methodology is not suitable.
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Is there a relationship between them?). The proposal should outline your research methods, explaining how you are going to conduct your research. 3 A larger sample size than needed to test the research hypothesis increases the cost and duration of the study and will be unethical if it exposes human subjects to any potential unnecessary risk without additional benefit. However, most professors prefer a separate section, which allows a more thorough review of the literature. The different synonyms for the term independent variable which are used in literature are: cause, input, predisposing factor, risk factor, determinant, antecedent, characteristic and attribute. However, since most mainstream psychologists are still biased against qualitative research, especially the phenomenological variety, you may need to justify your qualitative method. In other words, the hypothesis translates the problem statement into a precise, unambiguous prediction of expected outcomes. The Proposal needs to be able to communicate the following three critical points to the supervisor: You already did your homework in terms of reading a large amount of relevant secondary data in your research area; The research will eliminate a gap in the literature. My e-book, The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation in Business Studies: a step by step assistance offers practical assistance to complete a dissertation with minimum or no stress. Research problem needs to be explained in a detailed manner in at least 2-3 pages.
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