his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal practice of asking paymentcalled indulgencesfor the forgiveness of sins. Theses 39 and 40 argue that indulgences make true repentance more difficult. Luther may have also posted the Theses on the door of All Saints' Church and other churches in Wittenberg in accordance with University custom on 31 October or in mid-November. In February 1518, Pope Leo asked the head of the Augustinian Hermits, Luther's religious order, to convince him to stop spreading his ideas about indulgences. Those who, on account of a sermon concerning indulgences in one church, condemn the word of God to silence in the others, are enemies of Christ and of the Pope. Those indulgences, which the preachers proclaim to be great mercies, are indeed great mercies, forasmuch as they promote gain. In theses 35 and 36, he attacks the idea that an indulgence makes repentance unnecessary.
Luther lists several criticisms advanced by laypeople against indulgences in miller tale essay religion theses 8191. That power which the pope has in general over purgatory corresponds to the power which any bishop or curate has in a particular way in his own diocese and parish. Lawrence said that the poor of the church were the treasures of the church, but he spoke according to the usage of the word in his own time. Luther was finally excommunicated in 1521 after he burned the papal bull threatening him to recant or face excommunication. Luther was summoned by authority of the pope to defend himself against charges of heresy before Thomas Cajetan at Augsburg in October 1518. (1 Co 12:28) To say that the cross emblazoned with the papal coat of arms, and set up by the indulgence preachers is equal in worth to the cross of Christ is blasphemy. In a postscript, Luther wrote that Albert could find some theses on the matter enclosed with his letter, so that he could see the uncertainty surrounding the doctrine of indulgences in contrast to the preachers who spoke so confidently of the benefits of indulgences. Theses, Luther claimed that the repentance required by Christ in order for sins to be forgiven involves inner spiritual repentance rather than merely external sacramental confession. Peter were burned to ashes than built up with the skin, flesh, and bones of his sheep. In theses 1429, Luther challenged common beliefs about purgatory. Content edit The first thesis has become famous.